Standards and Problems for Epidemic Prevention in Buildings: A Systemic Review

Xiaoqiang Gong ( Lab for Optimizing Design of Built Environment, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518060, China )

Lei Yuan ( Lab for Optimizing Design of Built Environment, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518060, China )

Zengwen Bu ( Shenzhen Jindian Construction Technology Co., Ltd, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518040, China )

Yezhao Cai ( Tsinghua Innovation Center in Zhuhai, Zhuhai, Guangdong 519080, China )


The complexity of the building environment directly affects the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 inside the building. Therefore, the paper systematically reviewed the effective and feasible measures, designs and relevant epidemic prevention guidelines formed in the field of epidemic prevention during the period of COVID-19, as well as the excellent research and projects around the world. The study found that most of the people infected with COVID-19 were infected indoors, but the current building design was not included in the scope of epidemic prevention design, not effectively resist the spread of infectious diseases, and there is no standard guideline for epidemic prevention building design so far. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate building epidemic prevention standards, and by considering the epidemic prevention design in the architectural planning and design stage, the use of building epidemic prevention products, healthy wind environment design, etc. to establish a healthy building environment can effectively reduce the risk of epidemic transmission inside the building. However, due to insufficient epidemiological data and pathological research on the risk of epidemic transmission among residents, further research on the standards for epidemic prevention and quantitative risk assessment methods of building is limited.


SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Epidemic Prevention; Building; Epidemic Normalization

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