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Author Guidelines

Submission Checklist

√ Be structured as requested by the journal, and contains all relevant sections.
√ Include a title page stating all of the relevant information.
√ Define all abbreviations when first mentioned.
√ Be submitted in the correct file type, i.e. Main document in an editable Word format.
√ All figures and tables should be presented in a clear and informative manner with accompanying legends.
vs., et al., etc., in vivo, in vitro, t test, F test, U test, correlation coefficient r, sample number n, P value, Latin name of bacteria and biological species, protein and gene, and other special terms should be italicized.
√ Be written in English. Non-native English speakers are encouraged to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission.
√ All articles are required to meet the requirements outlined in our Ethical Policy. Ensure you have included all relevant ethical approval statements.

Preparation of Manuscripts

1. Types of Manuscripts

1.1 Original Research Article
Original Research Article is the most common type of journal manuscript. The Original Research Article’s format is suitable for many different fields and different types of studies. It includes four sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Structured abstract needed.
1.2 Review
Review Articles provide a comprehensive summary of research on a certain topic, and a perspective on the state of the field and where it is heading. They are often written by leaders in a particular discipline after invitation from the editors of a journal. Introduction and Conclusion sections are required, and the section titles of its middle part can be decided by the author according to the content of the article. Unstructured abstract needed.
Meta-analysis and Systematic reviews are also welcomed.
1.3 Case Report
It reports specific instances of interesting phenomena. A goal of Case Report is to make other researchers aware of the possibility that a specific phenomenon might occur. This type of study is often used in medicine to report the occurrence of previously unknown or emerging pathologies. The main text should include three sections with the fixed title: Introduction, Case report and Discussion. Unstructured abstract needed.
1.4 Editorial
Editorials are written by the senior editors or publisher of the journal. Typically, the editorial board evaluates which issues are important for their readership to know the journal's opinion on.
1.5 Perspective
Perspectives present a new and unique viewpoint on existing problems, fundamental concepts, or prevalent notions on a specific topic, propose and support a new hypothesis, or discuss the implications of a newly implemented innovation. Perspective pieces may focus on current advances and future directions on a topic, and may include original data as well as personal opinion.
1.6 Opinion
Opinion present the author’s viewpoint on the strengths and weaknesses of a hypothesis or scientific theory. Opinion are generally based on constructive criticism and should be backed by evidence. However, Opinion do not contain unpublished or original data. These articles promote scientific discourse that challenges the current state of knowledge in a particular field.
1.7 Commentary
Commentary draw attention to or present criticism on a previously published article, book, or report, often using the findings as a call to action or to highlight a few points of wider relevance to the field. Commentary do not include original data and are heavily dependent on the author’s perspective or anecdotal evidence from the author’s personal experience to support the argument. Commentary do not include an abstract.
1.8 Letter to the Editor
Letter to the editor is a letter sent to a publication about issues of concern from its readers. In academic publishing, letters to the editor of an academic journal are usually open post publication reviews of a paper, often critical of some aspect of the original paper.

2. General

2.1 Title
The title should be concise, specific, and not exceed 20 words.
2.2 Authorship
All authors’ full names should be listed. Ensure all authors’ email addresses and affiliation provided are valid. At least one author should be designated as corresponding author. Please noted that no modification of the authorship is allowed after the article has been accepted.
2.3 Abstract
The abstract should be a single paragraph of not more than 250 words, clearly stating the objectives, methods, results and conclusions of the study. Avoid abbreviations and references in this section.
2.4 Keywords
It includes 3-8 primary keywords that accurately reflect and outline the topic of the manuscript.
2.5 Introduction
It introduces the background, significance and objectives of this study by briefly reviewing relevant knowledge of the subject.
2.6 Methods
This section should provide sufficient information for other workers to repeat the study. New methods should be described in detail while well-established methods can be briefly described and appropriately cited.
2.7 Results
The results should be written after all the experiments are completed. The experimental results are given in corresponding to method section. The results can be highlighted in figures and tables.
2.8 Discussion
This section is a detailed discussion of the results, pointing out the advantages and limitations of this study. Future research directions may be mentioned.
2.9 Conclusion
It should summarize the full text, clearly state the main conclusions, and explain its significance and importance to this field or related fields. The conclusion should be concise and clear.

3. Declarations

Authors can state items, such as Acknowledgement, Funding, Ethical Approval and so on in their manuscripts according to authors’ own requirements.

4. References

All citations in the text must be included in the reference list and vice-versa. All references should be numbered in order of appearance at the end of manuscripts.
Cite references in the text by putting the number in square brackets, such as “[1]”.
Common Types of References:
(1) Books
Example: Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby;2002.
(2) Journal Articles
Example: Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, Kochanek PM, Graham SH.. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
(3) Newspaper Articles
Example: Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide rate: study sees drop in assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug 12;Sect.A:2(col. 4).
(4) Conference Proceedings (published)
Example: Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York:Springer;2002.
(5) Conferences Papers (unpublished)
Example: Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin:Springer;2002.p.182-91.
(6) Patents
Example: Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.
(7) Online resource
Example: eatright.org [Internet]. Chicago: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; c2016 [cited 2016 Dec 27]. Available from: https://www.eatright.org/.
(8) Software on the Internet
Example: Hayes B, Tesar B, Zurow K. OTSoft: Optimality Theory Software. Version 2.3.2 [software]. 2013 Jan 14 [cited 2015 Feb 14]. Available from: https://linguistics.ucla.edu/people/hayes/otsoft/.

Copyright on any open access article in a journal published by Omniscient Pte. Ltd. is retained by the authors. Authors grant Omniscient Pte. Ltd. a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. The work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which formalizes these and other terms and conditions of publishing articles.

6. Tables

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate pages at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. Explain all abbreviations used in the table in the footnotes.

7. Figures

Number figures in the order they are cited in the text. Include legends to all figures, giving the figure number, keys to any symbols used, the name of the organism studied, the names of any statistical tests used and the probability levels used for comparisons. Accepted figure types: EPS, PSD, TIFF, JPG, PNG.

8. Supplementary Materials

Additional data and files can be uploaded as supplementary materials during the submission of manuscripts. The supplementary materials will also be provided to reviewers as part of the peer review process. Any file format is acceptable, but we recommend using a generic, non-proprietary format whenever possible. In addition to prohibiting large files such as virtual machines, there are currently no size limits on supplementary materials. If the material is not essential to the main flow of the manuscript, but should be referred to and published as part of the manuscript, the author is also encouraged to consider moving the material to an appendix. This improves the readability of the manuscript.

9. Equations

Equations and mathematical expressions should be provided in the main text of the paper. Equations that are referred to in the text are identified by parenthetical numbers, such as (1), and are referred to in the manuscript as "equation (1)".
For submissions in a .doc or .docx format please ensure that all equations are provided in an editable Word format. These can be produced with the equation editor included in Microsoft Word.

10. Manuscript Template

Your manuscript should be in MS Word format. You are advised to download the document, Manuscript Submission Template, as a template or for more details on preparing your submissions for consideration. Authors must make sure that the manuscripts are written in clear and comprehensible English. Omniscient Pte. Ltd. accept manuscripts written in either American or British English. Non-English words usage must be kept to a minimum and the font must be italicized (except for e.g. and i.e.). Authors whose first language is not English may want to have their manuscripts professionally edited before the final submission to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by its prospective readers.